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COVID-19 vaccines and herd immunity – a changing narrative fraudulent from the start?

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May 19, 2022

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COVID-19 vaccines and herd immunity – a changing narrative fraudulent from the start?

Introduction

Herd immunity is an underlying feature assumption of modern-day vaccination, a raison d'être for vaccination and vaccine mandates. Vaccines may not provide personal protection for any particular individual, yet, based upon the concept of herd immunity, it is claimed that they provide protection for a population. The prospect of achieving herd immunity has even seemed to make vaccination a moral obligation.[1]

However, after a deep-dive into the topic and a thorough evaluation of the concept of herd immunity, it is apparent that the topic is not consolidated science. Herd immunity, to this day considered a concept or theory, has never been clearly defined or definitively measured in a human population. 

Since COVID-19 came along, we have learned that there are various opinions regarding

  • the advisability of achieving natural herd immunity,
  • the possibility of achieving vaccine herd immunity, and
  • the (lack of) scientific basis for herd immunity.  

If assumptions about herd immunity are wrong, then assumptions about the validity of vaccine programs and mandates may need to be revisited, and especially in relationship to COVID-19 and any future vaccines that are developed. 

Based on the dynamics of this virus in relationship to the vaccine, vaccine developers and health authorities’ claims that COVID-19 vaccines may be able to induce herd immunity may have been a fraud perpetrated on the public from the very beginning.

Israel - Pfizer’s lab to determine likelihood of herd immunity 

The “Real-World Epidemiological Evidence Collaboration Agreement” that Israel’s Health Ministry (MOH) signed with Pfizer[2] was meant to determine what percentage of the population would need to be vaccinated in order to achieve herd immunity, if at all possible, with Pfizer’s “product”, after their vaccine rollout in late December 2020. To accomplish this, the agreement required that Israeli government officials offer its citizens as trial participants[3] which they did without their citizens knowledge or consent.[4]

The agreement

Here are images of the relevant parts of the agreement (highlight added):

First page:


Section 2.2 Principles of Collaboration

What does “maintaining vaccination rate sufficient to achieving herd immunity” mean if you (supposedly) don’t even know if the product will provide herd immunity, let alone how many will need to be vaccinated in order to get there?

Section 3. Funding/Contribution of the Parties

Interestingly, while the agreement was based on the concept of herd immunity, the highly redacted agreement does not appear to include a definition of herd immunity, explain how it would be measured, or at what point they would know whether or not it has been achieved or even can be achieved. This is important because the definition of herd immunity has been repeatedly revised over the years, more so since the COVID-19 vaccines have been developed, and there are different ways of determining herd immunity. 

One has to wonder what Israel’s Health Ministry understood about the COVID-19 vaccines and herd immunity at the time the agreement was signed. As we will see, vaccines, such as Pfizer’s, that don’t prevent infection and transmission, can never provide herd immunity. 

Was fraud involved?

This could also mean that not only might this agreement have been based on fraud but that the premise upon which the vaccines were sold to countries and the public was fraudulent; Pfizer’s Senior Vice President and Head of Vaccine Research and Development, Kathrine Jansen, as shown below, knew that the vaccine was not going to prevent infection, and so could not provide herd immunity, prior to its receiving emergency use authorization.[5] 

What is herd immunity?

The term “herd immunity” was initially coined to explain a phenomenon associated with herds of animals and subsequently applied to humans. It was found that after a certain percentage of animals or people (susceptible hosts) caught and recuperated or died from an illness the disease disappeared in the herd or population, even without every member catching it.

This concept was then applied to vaccines to determine how many people would need to be vaccinated (rendered immune) in order to eliminate or eradicate a disease. Eliminating disease refers to it no longer being found within a specific population or demographic region while eradicating a disease means it no longer exists across the globe.

No fixed definition

The early researchers never settled on a clear definition.  [Professor of pathology at the Royal Naval Medical School, Sheldon] Dudley preferred a focus on what share of a herd had acquired resistance from natural exposure or immunization. [Bacteriologist W. W. C.] Topley elaborated a more expansive concept. As he explained in the Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps in 1935, herd immunity encompassed not just the distribution of immunity, but also the social factors determining the herd's exposure. The “English herd”—those living in England—had herd immunity to plague, malaria, and typhus because they no longer lived in close association with the requisite vectors.[6]

Almost 90 years after Topley, the definition of herd immunity has still not been clearly defined. 

Herd immunity, according to the Free Online Medical Dictionary (per the internet archive) for Nov 26, 2005,[7] was defined as (emphasis added):

1. Resistance to the spread of infectious disease in a group because susceptible members are few, making transmission from an infected member unlikely.

2. The immunologic status of a population, determined by the ratio of resistant to susceptible members and their distribution.

By November 24, 2016, a new version of the same site had multiple definitions, including this one that attributed herd immunity solely to vaccines (emphasis added):

Herd immunity occurs when a significant proportion of the population (or the herd) have been vaccinated, and this provides protection for unprotected individuals … 

The World Health Organization (WHO) changed its definition of herd immunity in respect to COVID-19 (per the internet archive) at least three times. 

On October 22, 2020, the definition was (emphasis added): 

Herd immunity is the indirect protection from an infectious disease that happens when a population is immune either through vaccination or immunity developed through previous infection.[8]

On December 4, 2020, the definition included the following (emphasis added):

‘Herd immunity’, also known as ‘population immunity’ concept used for vaccination, in which a population can be protected from a certain virus if a threshold of vaccination is reached.

Herd immunity is achieved by protecting people from a virus, not by exposing them to it. [9]

On January 4, 2022, the WHO website had the following, somewhat “massaged”, definition to include natural immunity, but makes it seem like an unacceptable risk:

'Herd immunity', also known as 'population immunity', is the indirect protection from an infectious disease that happens when a population is immune either through vaccination or immunity developed through previous infection. WHO supports achieving 'herd immunity' through vaccination, not by allowing a disease to spread through any segment of the population, as this would result in unnecessary cases and deaths.[10]

The CDC’s version includes both natural infection and vaccination in their definition of what they titled Community Immunity[11] (emphasis added):

A situation in which a sufficient proportion of a population is immune to an infectious disease (through vaccination and/or prior illness) to make its spread from person to person unlikely. Even individuals not vaccinated (such as newborns and those with chronic illnesses) are offered some protection because the disease has little opportunity to spread within the community.[12]

Determinants of herd immunity

The Rnumber (rate of infection) 

The higher the Ro number, the more people a single infected person is likely to infect and the greater the number of people who would need to be immune in order to stop transmission.

Virulence (how severe or harmful the disease is)

The more virulent the disease is, the more likely it is to kill its host, and the less likely it is to be spread among the population. This would be particularly applicable to people with weak immune systems or existing comorbidities. 

Mutability (how easily the virus mutates) 

The more easily a virus mutates, the less likely it is that herd immunity can be achieved. 

Demographics and populations

These present additional variables to consider, and which scientists have long debated, such as

  • whether to include infants who still have immunity from their mother or only after a certain age when that immunity’s gone;
  • whether to consider the percentage of an entire population that’s immune or the percentages of immunity of different groups within the population; 
  • whether the groups are heterogenous or homogenous; and
  • how the mixing of different groups with each other affects herd immunity.[13]

Despite the ever-changing definition and multiple variables involved in determining herd immunity, one thing is certain - a majority of the population must be rendered incapable of transmitting the virus and infecting others in order for herd immunity to occur. 

Dr. Fauci on COVID-19 vaccines and herd immunity

The COVID-19 vaccines were sold to the public as being able to provide herd immunity and allow a return to normal. During the initial months of the pandemic, Dr. Anthony Fauci, long-time director of the NIAID (National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases) guesstimated the percentage of the population that would need to be vaccinated to gain herd immunity, upping the figure from 60-70% all the way to 90%, depending upon what he thought the public was ready to hear. 

After the roll-outs, we heard reports about specific populations that had lower vaccination rates than the general population and were considered to be more susceptible to the disease. We were also told that children, even though they rarely got sick (were immune) and had an almost 100% survival rate if they did, needed to be vaccinated in order for herd immunity to be achieved. There was concern, too, that individuals coming in from other countries with other variants could cause additional disease. 

In a December 16, 2020, interview with CNBC’s Meg Tirrell,[14] Fauci estimated the figure to be anywhere from 70-85% but also said that the vaccine was never tested to see if it would stop infection and transmission. From the transcript:

DR. FAUCI: … If we get that [percentage of the population vaccinated] we would develop a umbrella of immunity. That would be able to protect, even the vulnerables, who have not been vaccinated, or those in which the vaccine has not been effective, you can get that kind of immunity with that percentage of people, which is the reason why we’re being very enthusiastic in reaching out to the community to convince people of the importance of getting vaccinated, not only for their own safety, but for that of their family as well as for society in general.

DR. FAUCI: One thing we’re not certain of Meg is what the duration of immunity following infection is, We don’t know that because we’ve only been dealing with this particular virus for 10 to 11 months. And so we don’t know whether if you get infected, that you have immunity for a year or two, or three, or maybe even less than a year. That is going to be determined as we follow people over the subsequent years. So that’s what we mean when we say we’re uncertain as to how long a person is protected following the time they get infected and recover from infection.

DR. FAUCI: Okay. Right now the primary endpoint of the vaccine trial for both the Moderna and the Pfizer product is the prevention of clinically recognizable disease. The secondary endpoint is the prevention of severe disease, as well as a secondary endpoint of preventing infection. We do not know now whether or not you prevent a person from getting infected. We know for sure that the vaccine is highly efficacious in preventing the clinical disease. As we get further into the trial and follow people for longer and then do follow up studies, we may get the answer to that. But right now, we do not definitively know whether or not the vaccine prevents you from getting infected and transmitting it to others. One of the reasons why we say you still should wear a mask, even though you’ve been vaccinated.

It's astonishing that no one appears to have called Fauci out for his contradictory messaging – claiming that herd immunity could be reached if a majority of the population was vaccinated, yet admitting that they do not know if the vaccine protects against infection and transmission, a requisite for herd immunity. 

Also astonishing is the fact that the COVID-19 vaccine trials were never set up to prove that the vaccines do what vaccines are supposed to do. Peter Doshi, associate editor at the BMJ, noted in his review of the Covid-19 vaccine trials,[15] that Peter Hotez, vaccinologist and dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, said vaccines should:

  1.  Reduce the likelihood of severe illness and hospitalization 
  2.  Prevent infection and stop disease transmission 

Doshi went on to explain that none of the phase III trials were set up to prove either one of those requirements.

None of the trials currently under way are designed to detect a reduction in any serious outcome such as hospital admissions, use of intensive care, or deaths. Nor are the vaccines being studied to determine whether they can interrupt transmission of the virus.

Fauci’s claim that the vaccine stops clinical disease was also unsupported by the trials. 

Eight days before Dr. Fauci said that we do not know how durable immunity is following infection (above), Dr. Francis Collins, head of the NIH (National Institute of Health), the umbrella agency for Fauci’s NIAID, said that a study of healthcare workers showed that natural immunity to COVID-19 lasted at least 6 months.[16] In July 2020, Francis Collins had written that individuals who recuperated from SARS COV-1 in 2003, were found to still have immunity to the virus, some 17 years later.[17] 

Why didn’t Fauci, at the very least, quote those figures? And, if he claimed to not know how long-lasting natural immunity is because of the short time we’ve been aware of the disease, how could he presume to know anything about the potential for herd immunity since the vaccines had been studied for even fewer months than COVID-19 had been around?

As far as being able to actually measure herd immunity, Fauci’s senior adviser on epidemiology at the NIAID, Dr. David M. Morens, said that:

The only truly accurate measures of herd immunity are done in actual herds and come from studying animal viruses like rinderpest and foot-and-mouth disease …

When cattle are penned in corrals, it is easy to measure how fast a disease spreads from one animal to another, he said. Humans move around, so studying disease spread among them is far harder.”[18]

By March 2021, Fauci was declaring that herd immunity was an elusive term or number and that the public should pay attention to vaccination rates instead. In a May 2021, Market Watch article "Is Herd Immunity A Realistic Concept? Fauci Calls It 'Elusive' And 'Mystical'”, writer Jaimy Lee questioned how realistic the concept of herd immunity is based on Fauci’s comments over the past two months.

Quoting Fauci, Lee wrote:

“We should not get so fixated on this elusive number of herd immunity,” Fauci said March 15. “We should just be concerned about getting as many people vaccinated as quickly as we possibly can because herd immunity is still somewhat of an elusive number.”

Herd immunity is kind of an elusive terminology because we don’t know what that percentage of protection is,” Fauci said April 9. It “will be a combination of people who are protected by vaccination, as well as those who were infected, who have recovered, and now have protective immunity.” 

Lee asks:

But if herd immunity is as difficult to track as Fauci says it is, then what is the best metric to track our way out of this pandemic? Is it vaccination rates? Is it the scientific R0 figure, which explains how contagious the virus is? What about the number of hospitalizations and deaths?[19] 

Despite calling it elusive just months earlier, in August 2021, Fauci stated that “The U.S. will not be able to reach herd immunity against Covid-19 without vaccine hesitant people either getting the jab or getting the virus…”[20]

Also in August, 

… [l]eading epidemiologist Sir Andrew Pollard, the head of the Oxford Vaccine Group, told British lawmakers … that achieving herd immunity with Covid-19 vaccines when the highly infectious delta variant is spreading is “not a possibility.” He pointed to “breakthrough infections” among vaccinated people, which data show are possible but still rare, as well as the risk of new variants which could make it easier for vaccinated people to spread the virus (infected people currently appear to have lower viral loads, meaning they transmit Covid-19 less easily).“[21]

By January 2022, Fauci dismissed the idea of herd immunity for COVID-19 altogether. During an online Davos meeting in January 2022, he said that 

We’re dealing with a very complicated situation here that makes our classic definition of herd immunity very elusive.

In a March 2022, paper entitled “Herd immunity may not apply to COVID-19,”[22] Fauci and fellow authors stated:

Like influenza, SARS-CoV-2 mutates continually into new variants that can escape immunity derived from infections and vaccines. It also can be transmitted asymptomatically and without pathognomonic signs, impeding public health control. SARS-CoV-2 appears not to substantially engage the systemic immune system, as do viruses such as smallpox, measles, and rubella that consistently have a pronounced viremic phase. Moreover, neither infection nor vaccination appears to induce prolonged protection against SARS-CoV-2 in many or most people.

It is concerning that vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 were developed and rolled out so quickly after the virus was discovered, considering how little they knew about the disease and the vaccine’s protection. 

Was this all based on assumption?[23]

Perspective on COVID-19 and herd immunity in Israel

Despite the Pfizer vaccine roll out and high vaccination rate, Prime Minister Naftali Bennett must have had no expectations of herd immunity. On November 11, 2021, he held a “war game”, to make sure the country could battle another, non-existent, variant.

The “Omega Exercise,” as Bennett called it, was held in the format of a “war game,” the Prime Minister’s Office said. Bennett has regularly referred to the “Omega strain,” the next harmful COVID-19 variant that has not yet been discovered. A war game is a game of the mind; no physical exercises took place.[24]

In April 2022, Israel’s coronavirus czar, Professor Salman Zarka said: 

If anyone thinks of herd immunity - it has no scientific basis,[25] 

and Israeli Professor Orly Greenfeld said: 

We do not want herd immunity for an illness like this.[26] 

COVID-19 vaccines were never expected to provide herd immunity 

Studies in non-human primates showed that the vaccines didn’t work to prevent infection.

  • Moderna’s and Johnson and Johnson’s pre-clinical trials with non-human primates showed that although robust antibodies were found after vaccination, nasal swabs picked up virus particles. 
  •  Dr. Katherine Jansen, Pfizer’s lead representative at the FDA’s December 10, advisory committee meeting to evaluate Pfizer’s vaccine for emergency use authorization (EUA), admitted that vaccinated non-human primates became infected after being challenged with the virus.[27]

As Fauci himself stated (above), vaccines were not trialed to show that they stopped transmission.

  • In early December, 2020, shortly before the Pfizer vaccine received Emergency Use Authorization, Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla said, regarding the vaccine’s ability to stop transmission: “... We are not certain about that right now with what we know.” [28]
  • Tal Zaks, CEO of Moderna said “Our trial will not demonstrate prevention of transmission,” … “because in order to do that you have to swab people twice a week for very long periods, and that becomes operationally untenable.”[29]
  • WHO Chief Scientist, Soumya Swaminathan said: “I don’t believe we have the evidence on any of the vaccines to be confident that it’s going to prevent people from actually getting the infection and therefore being able to pass it on.”[30]

Doctors from the Department of Otolaryngology at Johns Hopkins and at Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School[31] published a paper before the Pfizer vaccine was rolled out in Israel, explaining that injectable vaccines do not prevent transmission of respiratory viruses. 

The divergence in immune response between mucosal and systemic vaccination is derived from the fact that human mucosal surfaces contain a localized immune system composed largely of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, which contributes up to 80% of all immunocytes within the body. Given that it operates within a highly heterogenous and contaminated milieu, the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue tends to be highly compartmentalized and, to some extent, functions independently of the systemic immune system. 

 Furthermore, 

… [u]nchecked by systemic humoral immune protection, SARS-CoV-2 entering the nasal airway may be able to infect and propagate there, shedding infectious virus asymptomatically for an unknown period of time.

As otolaryngologists, the authors were concerned about the spread of Covid-19 in their practices during procedures, by asymptomatic vaccinated persons, of whom they said there will be the potential for persistent transmission. 

… until viral titer endpoints are incorporated into vaccine trials and/or mucosal vaccines are developed, the possibility of asymptomatic nasal viral shedding from systemically vaccinated individuals should be considered … it is clear that there will always be a substantial portion of our patient population that remains vulnerable to COVID-19.?”Is herd immunity for COVID-19 different than for other diseases?

Vaccine science and herd immunity has always been presented to the public as fairly simple and straight-forward, so it may be hard for many to understand why there is so much confusion about herd immunity for COVID-19, save for it being a “novel virus” about which little is known. Can that be the real reason, though?

In the next part of this dive into herd immunity, we will review what’s been discovered regarding immunity to COVID-19, and why determining immunity and infection may be more difficult that we have been led to believe.


Footnotes

[1]:  Giubilini, Alberto et al. "The Moral Obligation to Be Vaccinated: Utilitarianism, Contractualism, And Collective Easy Rescue". Medicine, Health Care And Philosophy, vol 21, no. 4, 2018, pp. 547-560. Springer Science And Business Media LLC, doi:10.1007/s11019-018-9829-y
[2]: “Real-World Epidemiological Evidence Collaboration Agreement”. Govextra.Gov.Il, 2022, https://govextra.gov.il/media/30806/11221-moh-pfizer-collaboration-agreement-redacted.pdf
[3]: Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla eventually went on record saying that Israel is the world’s lab. (Levine, C., 2021. Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla calls Israel 'world's lab' in interview to NBC.  The Jerusalem Post. https://www.jpost.com/breaking-news/pfizer-ceo-albert-bourla-calls-israel-worlds-lab-in-interview-to-nbc-660349)
[4]: Ilana Rachel Daniel. "This Is Not a Vaccine". Israel National News, 2022, https://www.israelnationalnews.com/news/294852
[5]: This is not a speculative consideration. Over the years, Pfizer has been fined billions of dollars for criminal and civil fraud by the Justice Department (DOJ), paying the DOJ’s largest fine, of $2.3 billion, in 2009, (“Justice Department Announces Largest Health Care Fraud Settlement in Its History.” United States Department of Justice, 2009. http://justice-department-announces-largest-health-care-fraud-settlement-its-history) so there is good reason to question the company now. Jansen previously worked for Wyeth which was bought by Pfizer. In 1979, Wyeth executives intentionally decided to split up the distribution of individual vaccine batches in order to prevent detection of problems following a cluster of SIDS deaths that had been traced to a batch of Wyeth’s DPT vaccine. ("The Tennessee Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Cluster: How Wyeth Concealed the DPT Vaccine SIDS Link -- Sott.Net". Sott.Net, 2022, https://www.sott.net/article/396436-The-Tennessee-Sudden-Infant-Death-Syndrome-cluster-How-Wyeth-concealed-the-DPT-vaccine-SIDS-link) Today, analysis of VAERS (Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System) reports for the COVID-19 vaccines shows systematic toxicity of batches distributed to Americans. ( James Hill, JD. "Vaccine Batches Vary Systematically In Toxicity And Are Distributed To Unsuspecting Americans By Three Companies: Researcher ". Hillmd.Substack.Com, 2021, https://hillmd.substack.com/p/vaccine-batches-vary-in-toxicity?s=r)
[6]: Jones, David, and Stefan Helmreich. "A History of Herd Immunity". The Lancet, vol 396, no. 10254, 2020, pp. 810-811. Elsevier BV, doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(20)31924-3
[7]:  "Herd Immunity - Definition of Herd Immunity in The Medical Dictionary - By the Free Online Medical Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia". Web.Archive.Org, 2022, https://web.archive.org/web/20051126045028/http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/herd+immunity
[9]: "Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Serology, Antibodies and Immunity". Web.Archive.Org, 2022, https://web.archive.org/web/20201204090421/https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/coronavirus-disease-covid-19-serology
[10]:  "Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Serology, Antibodies and Immunity". Who.Int, 2022, https://www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/coronavirus-disease-covid-19-serology
[11]: ”Community Immunity”. CDC.gov, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/terms/glossary.html#commimmunity
[12]: A mother who has naturally acquired immunity can protect her offspring by passing on her immunity to them through the placenta and breast milk. This level of protection for her offspring is lost if a mother has vaccine acquired immunity instead. We see this clearly in measles, for example. "... vaccinated mothers have little antibody to pass on — only about one-quarter as much as mothers protected by natural measles — leaving infants vulnerable three months after birth, according to a study last year in the Journal of Infectious Diseases. (Solomon, Lawrence. "Lawrence Solomon: The Untold Story of Measles | Financial Post". Financialpost.Com, 2022, https://financialpost.com/opinion/lawrence-solomon-the-untold-story-of-measles. This would also mean that individuals with natural lifetime immunity who later develops a chronic illness would, likewise, be protected.
[13]: Metcalf, C.J.E., et al. ”Understanding Herd Immunity.” Oar.Princeton.Edu, 2015, https://oar.princeton.edu/bitstream/88435/pr15985/1/Understanding_Herd_Immunity.pdf
[14]:  CNBC Transcript: Dr. Anthony Fauci Speaks With CNBC’S Meg Tirrell Live During The CNBC Healthy Returns Livestream Today. 2020, https://www.cnbc.com/2020/12/16/cnbc-transcript-dr-anthony-fauci-speaks-with-cnbcs-meg-tirrell-live-during-the-cnbc-healthy-returns-livestream-today.html
[15]: Doshi, Peter. "Will Covid-19 Vaccines Save Lives? Current Trials Aren't Designed To Tell Us". BMJ, 2020, p. m4037. BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.m4037
[16]: Collins, Dr. "Study Of Healthcare Workers Shows COVID-19 Immunity Lasts Many Months". NIH Director's Blog, 2020, https://directorsblog.nih.gov/2020/12/08/study-of-healthcare-workers-shows-covid-19-immunity-lasts-many-months/
[17]:  Collins, Dr. "Immune T Cells May Offer Lasting Protection Against COVID-19". NIH Director's Blog, 2020, https://directorsblog.nih.gov/2020/07/28/immune-t-cells-may-offer-lasting-protection-against-covid-19
[18]: McNeil, Donald G. Jr. “How Much Herd Immunity Is Enough?” The Seattle Times, 2020, https://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/how-much-herd-immunity-is-enough/
[19]: Lee, Jaimy. "Is Herd Immunity A Realistic Concept? Fauci Calls It 'Elusive' And 'Mystical'". Marketwatch, 2022, https://www.marketwatch.com/story/is-herd-immunity-a-realistic-concept-fauci-calls-it-elusive-and-mystical-11620148465
[20]:  McEvoy, Jemima. "Fauci: Herd Immunity Unreachable Unless Vaccine Hesitant Get the Jab or Get Infected". Forbes, 2022, https://www.forbes.com/sites/jemimamcevoy/2021/08/24/fauci-herd-immunity-unreachable-unless-vaccine-hesitant-get-the-jab-or-get-infected/?sh=5428907b2605
[21]: ibid
[22]: Morens, David M et al. "The Concept of Classical Herd Immunity May Not Apply To COVID-19". The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2022. Oxford University Press (OUP), doi:10.1093/infdis/jiac109
[23]: This would not be the first time vaccinologists developed vaccines based on assumptions. Regarding pertussis, Associate Professor of Global Health at Boston University, Dr. Christopher J. Gill, said:

This disease is back because we didn’t really understand how our immune defenses against whooping cough worked, and did not understand how the vaccines needed to work to prevent it, ... Instead we layered assumptions upon assumptions, and now find ourselves in the uncomfortable position of admitting that we may made some crucial errors. ("Pertussis Vaccine May Be Unable To Prevent Infection | SPH". Bu.Edu, 2017, https://www.bu.edu/sph/news/articles/2017/resurgence-of-whooping-cough-may-owe-to-vaccines-inability-to-prevent-infections/)

[24]: Jaffe-Hoffman, Maayan, 2021. “Israel successfully completes COVID-19 ‘war game’”. Jerusalem Post. https://www.jpost.com/health-and-wellness/coronavirus/israel-successfully-completes-covid-19-war-games-684719
[25]: ”Coronavirus czar: We're working on plan to offer COVID-19 tests in schools”. Israelnationalnews.Com, 2022, https://www.israelnationalnews.com/news/319823
[26]: Kempinski, Yoni. "Dr. Orly Greenfeld: 'COVID-19 Can Cause Complications, Effects Lasting a Long Time'". Israel National News, 2022, https://www.israelnationalnews.com/news/319817
[27]: Similarly, baboon studies for the acellular pertussis, aP, vaccine did not show signs of disease when challenged with the wild-type virus, yet they colonized the infection in their throats and were able to transmit it. (Warfel, Jason M. et al. "Acellular Pertussis Vaccines Protect Against Disease But Fail To Prevent Infection And Transmission In A Nonhuman Primate Model". Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, vol 111, no. 2, 2013, pp. 787-792. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, doi:10.1073/pnas.1314688110) This means that people vaccinated with the aP vaccine are likely able to be asymptomatic carriers of the disease, much more dangerous to the general public than people who are symptomatic and know to stay home.
[28]: "'Not Certain': Pfizer CEO On Whether COVID Vaccine Stops Transmission". Business Today, 2020, https://www.businesstoday.in/latest/trends/story/not-certain-pfizer-ceo-on-if-their-covid-vaccine-stops-transmission-280643-2020-12-05
[29]: See footnote 15 above.
[30]: "WHO Chief Scientist Not Confident Vaccines Prevent Transmission | National Post". Nationalpost.Com, 2022, https://nationalpost.com/news/world/who-chief-scientist-not-confident-vaccines-prevent-transmission
[31]: Bleier, Benjamin S, Ramanathan, Murugappan, Lane, Andrew P. “COVID-19 Vaccines May Not Prevent Nasal SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Asymptomatic Transmission.” Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. 2021;164(2):305-307. doi:10.1177/0194599820982633

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Indian government blames public for getting vaccines despite being aware of its side effects – claims it cannot be held liable for any injuries

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Thousands of convicted pedophiles in California are being released from prison in less than a year for horrific acts, including rape, sodomy and sexual abuse of kids under 14

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Elon Musk meets with Apple CEO Tim Cook after threatening ‘war’ over App Store

Dec 01, 2022

COVID bivalent booster falls flat in first ‘real-world’ test, CDC report shows

Dec 01, 2022

Trial of US Green Beret who refused to be FBI informant on Jan. 6 to begin on Dec. 5th in Tampa

Dec 01, 2022

Google, YouTube invest $12 million in global 'fact-checking' media network

Dec 01, 2022

Teen Vogue publishes article from doctor promoting genital mutilation of minors

Dec 01, 2022

Here’s how they did it: real-time election fraud

Dec 01, 2022

Indian government blames public for getting vaccines despite being aware of its side effects – claims it cannot be held liable for any injuries

Dec 01, 2022

Atlantic hurricane season below average in latest blow for climate alarmists

Dec 01, 2022

Thousands of convicted pedophiles in California are being released from prison in less than a year for horrific acts, including rape, sodomy and sexual abuse of kids under 14

Nov 30, 2022

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